English - Latin Dictionary:

gold

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The definition of word "gold":
rate 1. Islam Yellow metal USE OF GOLD AS ORNAMENT It is not permissible for a man to wear gold (e.g. to use a chain, a locket, a ring, chain of the watch or a frame of the spectacles which is made of gold) but there is no harm in his mixing a cover of gold on his tooth even though it may be for the purpose of adornment.
rate 2. Since ancient times, gold has been prized for its beauty, and purity since it does not oxidize or tarnish like most other metals. It has also been used as a store of value to build wealth and shield against hard times. Gold used in jewelry is almost always alloyed with other metals since gold in its pure form is very soft and malleable, and would not wear well by itself. Much gold jewelry from the 19th century and before is not marked. Tests must be done to determine if it is solid gold and to determine purity. The familiar Karat marking system used in the United States did not become popular until around 1890 or so. (Note that Karat with a "K" refers to gold purity, while Carat with a "C" refers to the weight of a gemstone, e.g. a one carat diamond set in a 14 karat gold ring.) The karat number refers to the parts of pure gold per 24 in the alloy. So a 14K alloy is 14/24 parts pure gold, or about 58% gold. Other countries used a marking system well before the United States. For example, Britain has had a system of hallmarking in place for hundreds of years. It is also common in many European and other countries to mark gold with a three digit number indicating the parts per thousand of gold. Thus gold jewelry is often marked "750" for 750/1000 gold. (Equivalent to US 18K). In addition to many purities, alloyed gold also comes in many colors. Variations in the metals alloyed with the gold account for the ability to produce white, pink and even green gold, in addition to the familiar yellow gold. Pink gold was popular in late Victorian times, and again in the 1940s. White gold was very popular from 1900 through the 30's.
rate 3. Everquest Gold. Standard unit of currency in EverQuest. Equal to 10 Silver or 100 Copper. 10 Gold equal 1 Platinum.
rate 4. M E T A L (adj) (not gradable), (n) - (made of) a soft, yellow, heavy, metallic element which is quite rare and very valuablegold jewellery/bullion In many civilizations, gold objects were buried with important people who had died. There is said to be (a crock/pot of) gold at the end of the rainbow. It's every prospector's dream to strike (= find) gold. There are still people who pan for gold (= look for it by washing stones from a stream in a pan) . A legend says there is gold (= objects made of gold, such as coins and jewellery) buried somewhere on the island. She was dripping with gold (= wearing a lot of gold jewellery) . If a recording of a popular song, or of a collection of popular songs, goes gold, it sells a large number of copies. A gold card is a credit card which you can get if you earn a lot of money. (disapproving) A gold digger is someone, usually a woman, who tries to (sexually) attract a rich person, usually a man, in order to obtain presents, money or social advance. A gold digger is also a person who digs for gold. A gold disc is a prize given to the performer (s) of a popular song, or a collection of popular songs, when a large number of copies of the recording of it have been sold. Gold dust is gold in powder form. (figurative esp. UK) Tickets for the concert are (like) gold dust (= very difficult to obtain because a lot of people want them) . Gold leaf is gold in the form of very thin sheets which is often used to cover objects, such as decorative details in a building. A gold (medal) is a small disc of gold, or a metal that looks like gold, which is given to the person who wins a competition, esp. in a sport. He's running so well, surely he'll take the gold. What a race she's having - she's really going for gold (= trying very hard to win) . If something is gold-plated, it has been electrically covered with a very thin layer of gold. The gold reserve is the amount of gold held by a national bank, which is used for dealing with the national banks of other countries. A gold rush is a situation in which a lot of people move to a place to try to find gold because they have heard that gold has been found there. The gold standard is a system of providing and controlling the exchange of money in a country, in which the value of money (relative to foreign money) is fixed against that of gold.
rate 5. chem. gold
rate 6. Dream symbol Hands-on / Spiritual healer. Is also healing for a current illness
rate 7. Au, chemical element, a dense, lustrous, yellow precious metal of Group Ib, Period 6, of the periodic table. Gold has several qualities that have made it exceptionally valuable throughout history. It is attractive in colour and brightness, durable to the point of virtual indestructibility, highly malleable and usually found in nature in a comparatively pure form. The history of gold is unequaled by that of any other metal because of its value in the minds of men from earliest times. For full treatment of the mining, recovery and refining of gold, see Industries, Extraction and Processing: Gold. Gold is one of the heaviest of all metals. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity. It is also soft and the most malleable and ductile of metals; an ounce (28 g) can be beaten out to 187 square feet (about 17 square m) in extremely thin sheets called gold leaf. Because gold is visually pleasing and workable and does not tarnish or corrode, it was one of the first metals to attract human attention. Examples of elaborate gold workmanship, many in nearly perfect condition, survive from ancient Egyptian, Minoan, Assyrian and Etruscan artisans and gold has continued to be a highly favoured material out of which to craft jewelry and other decorative objects Owing to its unique qualities, gold has been the one material that is universally accepted in exchange for goods and services. In the form of coins or bullion, gold has occasionally played a major role as a high-denomination currency, although silver has generally been the standard medium of payments in the world's trading systems. Gold began to serve as backing for paper-currency systems when they became widespread in the 19th century and from the 1870s until World War I the gold standard was the basis for the world's currencies. Although gold's official role in the international monetary system had come to an end by the 1970s, the metal remains a highly regarded reserve asset and approximately 45 percent of all the world's gold is held by governments and central banks for this purpose. Gold is still accepted by all nations as a medium of international payment. Gold is widespread in low concentrations in all igneous rocks. Its abundance in the Earth's crust is estimated at about 0.005 parts per million. It occurs mostly in the native state, remaining chemically uncombined except with tellurium, selenium and possibly bismuth. The element's only naturally occurring isotope is gold-197. Gold often occurs in association with copper and lead deposits, and, though the quantity present is often extremely small, it is readily recovered as a by-product in the refining of those base metals. Large masses of gold-bearing rock rich enough to be called ores are unusual. Two types of deposits containing significant amounts of gold are known: hydrothermal veins, where it is associated with quartz and pyrite (fool's gold) and placer deposits, both consolidated and unconsolidated, that are derived from the weathering of gold-bearing rocks. The origin of enriched veins is not fully known, but it is believed that the gold was carried up from great depths with other minerals, at least in partial solid solution and later precipitated. The gold in rocks usually occurs as invisible disseminated grains, more rarely as flakes large enough to be seen and even more rarely as masses or veinlets. Crystals about 2.5 cm (1 inch) or more across have been found in California. Masses, some on the order of 90 kg (200 pounds), have been reported from Australia. Alluvial deposits of gold found in or along streams were the principal sources of the metal for ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Other deposits were found in Lydia (now in Turkey) and the lands of the Aegean and in Persia (now Iran), India, China and other lands. During the Middle Ages the chief sources of gold in Europe were the mines of Saxony and Austria. The era of gold production that followed the Spanish discovery of the Americas in the 1490s was probably the greatest the world had witnessed to that time. The exploitation of mines by slave labour and the looting of Indian palaces, temples and graves in Central and South America resulted in an unprecedented influx of gold that literally unbalanced the economic structure of Europe. From Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World in 1492 to 1600, more than 225,000 kg (8,000,000 ounces) of gold or 35 percent of world production, came from South America. The New World's minesespecially those in Colombiacontinued into the 17th and 18th centuries to account for 61 and 80 percent, respectively, of world production; 1, 350,000 kg (48,000,000 ounces) were mined in the 18th century. Russia became the world's leading producer of gold in 1823 and for 14 years it contributed the bulk of the world supply. During the second era of expanding production (185075), more gold was produced in the world than in all the years since 1492, primarily because of discoveries in California and Australia. A third marked increase (18901915) stemmed from discoveries in Alaska, Yukon Territory and South Africa. A major factor in the increase of the world's supply of gold was the introduction in 1890 of the cyanide process for the recovery of gold from low-grade ores and ores containing minute, particle-sized gold. Gold production continued to rise throughout the 20th century, partly because of the improvement in recovery methods and partly because of the continual growth and expansion of South Africa's gold-mining operations In the late 20th century four countriesSouth Africa, Russia, the United States and Australiaaccounted for two-thirds of the gold produced annually throughout the world. South Africa alone, with its vast Witwatersrand mines, produces about one-third of the world's gold. Because pure gold is too soft to resist prolonged handling, it is usually alloyed with other metals to increase its hardness for use in jewelry, goldware or coinage. Most gold used in jewelry is alloyed with silver, copper and a little zinc to produce various shades of yellow gold or with nickel, copper and zinc to produce white gold. The color of these gold alloys goes from yellow to white as the proportion of silver in them increases; more than 70 percent silver results in alloys that are white. Alloys of gold with silver or copper are used to make gold coins and goldware and alloys with platinum or palladium are also used in jewelry. The content of gold alloys is expressed in 24ths, called karats; a 12-karat gold alloy is 50 percent gold and 24-karat gold is pure. Because of its high electrical conductivity (71 percent that of copper) and inertness, the largest industrial use of gold is in the electric and electronics industry for plating contacts, terminals, printed circuits and semiconductor systems. Thin films of gold that reflect up to 98 percent of incident infrared radiation have been employed on satellites to control temperature and on space-suit visors to afford protection. Used in a similar way on the windows of large office buildings, gold reduces the air-conditioning requirement and adds to the beauty. Gold has also long been used for fillings and other repairs to teeth.
rate 8. Metallic chemical element, one of the transition elements, chemical symbol Au, atomic number 79. It is a dense, lustrous, yellow, malleable precious metal, so durable that it is virtually indestructible, often found uncombined in nature. Jewelry and other decorative objects have been crafted from gold for thousands of years. It has been used for coins, to back paper currencies and as a reserve asset. Gold is widely distributed in all igneous rocks, usually pure but in low concentrations; its recovery from ores and deposits has been a major preoccupation since ancient times. The world's gold supply has seen three great leaps, with Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492, with discoveries in California and Australia (1850–75) and discoveries in Alaska, Yukon and South Africa (1890–1915). Pure gold is too soft for prolonged handling; it is usually used in alloys with silver, copper and other metals. In addition to being used in jewelry and as currency, gold is used in electrical contacts and circuits, as a reflective layer in space applications and on building windows and in filling and replacing teeth. Dental alloys are about 75% gold, 10% silver. In jewelry, its purity is expressed in 24ths, or karats: 24-karat is pure, 12-karat is 50% gold, etc. Its compounds, in which it has valence 1 or 3, are used mainly in plating and other decorative processes; a soluble chloride compound has been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
rate 9. Gold Coast
rate 10. fool's gold
rate 11. Field of Cloth of Gold
rate 12. gold reserve
rate 13. gold rush
rate 14. gold standard
rate 15. Klondike gold rush;
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We have found the following latin words and translations for "gold":
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