English - Latin Dictionary:

death

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The definition of word "death":
+1 rate 1. n the end of life She lived here for four years before her death. Their sudden deaths in a car crash shocked everyone. The disease causes thousands of deaths a year. He died a natural death, peacefully at home in the night. It was a traditional picture of Death in the form of a skeleton. Famous people often receive death threats (= letters or telephone calls from people who threaten to kill them) . To death means until you die, or (figurative) a lot The animals burned to death in the barn. He choked to death on a sweet. (old use) The traitor was put to death (= killed as a punishment) . (figurative) It was really funny. We laughed ourselves to death. (figurative) The film frightened/scared/worried the children to death. (figurative) They worked her to death (= made her work very hard) . (figurative) That subject has been discussed/done to death (= it has been discussed so much that it is no longer interesting) . I am sick to death of it/bored to death with it. The death of means the cause of the end of life, or the end or destruction of something. The failure of the family business was the death of him. The court case signalled the death of his hopes for public office. That child will be the death of me (= is always doing something which upsets me) ! If you don't put some warm clothes on, you'll catch your death (of cold) (= become ill) . (informal) If you are at death's door, you are very ill. (informal) If you look/feel like death (UK and ANZ warmed up/ US warmed over), you do not look/feel well. (UK) To be in at the death is to be present at the important time when something comes to an end. The girl made a death-defying (= very dangerous) leap to the ground/dash across the road. (UK) Death duty/duties (US death tax/ ANZ also probate) is the informal name for a government tax paid on the property that a dead person has left. A death's head is a picture of a human skull (= the hard structure of the head) used as a warning of danger or to frighten. A death knell is a warning of the end of something. Some workers saw the machines as a death knell for traditional skills. If something sounds/tolls the death knell, it will soon stop another thing. The court case sounded the death knell of/for his political ambitions. The opening of the superstore will toll the death knell for (= cause the failure of) hundreds of small independent shops. A death mask is made by pressing wax onto the face of a dead person to get the shape from which a model of the face is produced. The death penalty is the legal punishment of particular crimes by death. The death penalty has been abolished in Britain - several votes in parliament have failed to reintroduce it. (esp. US) Prisoners on death row are waiting in prison to be legally punished by being killed. A death sentence is a legal punishment of a crime by death. In some countries people caught smuggling drugs are given the death sentence. A death squad is an unofficial armed group who look for and illegally kill particular people, esp. the enemies of a political party. The family lived in fear of the death squads. We watched the death throes (= process of dying) of the bird which had flown into the window. The death toll is the number of people who died on a particular occasion. The day after the explosion the death toll had risen to 90. A death trap is something that is very dangerous and could cause death. The car he met me in was a death trap. Empty bottles thrown carelessly away can become death traps for small creatures. A death warrant is an official document which says that smeone must be killed as a punishment, or (figurative) something that causes the end of an activity. (figurative) The cancellation of a large order was a death warrant for the company/signed the company's death warrant (= caused the business to fail) . (figurative) By refusing to take on extra responsibility he signed his own death warrant (= lost his chance of a better job) . A death wish is a desire for death. The chances he takes, you'd think he had a death wish.
+1 rate 2. Irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions and irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem - Death - Death
+1 rate 3. brain death
+1 rate 4. near death experience
rate 5. Islam Wafat is a death
rate 6. anagram hated
rate 7. Dream symbol Need to eliminate negative influence from past. An aspect of the dreamer has to die before another aspect can find expression
rate 8. Dream symbol (Of father) need to eliminate negative influence of father
rate 9. Dream symbol (Of mother) need to eliminate negative influence of mother.
rate 10. the total cessation of life processes that eventually occurs in all living organisms. The state of human death has always been obscured by mystery and superstition and its precise definition remains controversial, differing according to culture and legal systems. During the latter half of the 20th century, death has become a strangely popular subject. Before that time, perhaps rather surprisingly, it was a theme largely eschewed in serious scientific and to a lesser extent, philosophical speculations. It was neglected in biological research and, being beyond the physician's ministrations, was deemed largely irrelevant by medical practice. In modern times, however, the study of death has become a central concern in all these disciplines and in many others. So many more people seem to die nowadays, an elderly lady is alleged to have said, scanning the obituary columns of a famous daily. This was not just a comment on the documented passing of a cohort. Various journals now not only list the dead but also describe what they, died of, at times in some detail. They openly discuss subjects considered too delicate or personal less than a generation ago. Television interviewers question relatives of the dyingor even the dying themselvesand films depict murders or executions in gruesome and often quite accurate detail. Death is no longer enshrined in taboos. Popular readiness to approach these matters and a general desire to be better informed about them reflect a change in cultural attitudes perhaps as great as that which accompanied the more open discussion of sex after World War I. Thanatologythe study of deathdelves into matters as diverse as the cultural anthropology of the notion of soul, the burial rites and practices of early civilizations, the location of cemeteries in the Middle Ages and the conceptual difficulties involved in defining death in an individual whose brain is irreversibly dead but whose respiration and heartbeat are kept going by artificial means. It encompasses the biological study of programmed cell death, the understanding care of the dying and the creation of an informed public opinion as to how the law should cope with the stream of problems generated by intensive-care technology. Legal and medical quandaries regarding the definition of death and the rights of the terminally ill (or their families) to refuse life-prolonging treatments force physicians to think like lawyers, lawyers like physicians and both like philosophers. In his Historia Naturalis (Natural History), the Roman author Pliny the Elder wrote that so uncertain is men's judgment that they cannot determine even death itself. The challenge remains, but if humans now fail to provide some answers it will not be for lack of trying. the total cessation of life processes that eventually occurs in all living organisms. The state of death has always been obscured by mystery and superstition. The precise definition of human death remains controversial and differs according to culture and legal system. The usual criteria of life, such as respiration, reduplication and transportation of substrates and ions, are not themselves necessary for potential life at any given time. For example, bacteria, which are the smallest integrated cellular units that contain the normal components of a cell, including a membrane and nuclear and cytoplasmic material, may be completely dehydrated at low temperatures to a dry powder. Later, in the proper environment, they may be brought back to a state in which they are able to perform their normal functions. Only when an irreversible rearrangement of the structural molecules has taken place, i.e., one that forever prevents cell duplication, may it be said that death has occurred. The diagnosis of death in the mammalian organism was long based on the following easily established early criteria: the absence of peripheral pulse and heartbeat, the absence of respiration, the lack of corneal reflex and the presence of a bluish colour (cyanosis) that results from a lack of oxygen in the blood. The discoloration is seen most easily in the mucous membranes of the mouth and lips and in the nail beds. In view of the increase in medical transplantations and in the use of so-called life-support systems, interest has been focused on these criteria as regards human death. It is within medical means to revive persons who no longer breathe, react to certain stimuli or evidence heartbeat. Further, it is possible by artificial means to sustain the vital functions far beyond the body's own ability to do so. New guidelines are required, therefore, to judge the occurrence of death, especially in the cases of individuals thus supported and of persons who might donate their healthy organs to others. Most prominent among the new criteria for human death are the absence of a functioning brainstem (that portion of the brain whose activities are essential to the capacity for consciousness) and the irreversible cessation of unassisted breathing. Many belief systems have tried to distinguish between physical and spiritual being. Despite the decomposition of the human body following death, the idea has persisted that something of the individual person continues to survive the experience of dying. This belief occurs in virtually all religions, past and present and decisively conditions their evaluations of man and his place in the universe. Additional reading Biological aspects The concept of apoptosis (programmed cell death) is outlined in A. Glcksman, Cell Deaths in Normal Vertebrate Ontogeny, Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 26:5986 (1951); A.H. Wyllie, J.F.R. Kerr and A.R. Currie, Cell Death: The Significance of Apoptosis, International Review of Cytology, 68:251306 (1980); I.D. Bowen and R.A. Lockshin, Cell Death in Biology and Pathology (1981); I. Davies and D.C. Sigee, Cell Ageing and Cell Death (1985). The development of the idea of brain death (and of its evolution into the concept of brain-stem death) can be followed in P. Mollaret and M. Goulon, Le Coma dpass, Revue Neurologique, 101(1):315 (July 1959); Ad Hoc Committee Of The Harvard Medical School To Examine The Definition Of Brain Death, A Definition of Irreversible Coma, J.A.M.A., 205(6):337340 (Aug. 5, 1968); Julius Korein (ed.), Brain Death: Interrelated Medical and Social Issues (1978); A. Earl Walker, Cerebral Death, 3rd ed (1985); President's Commission For The Study Of Ethical Problems In Medicine And Biomedical And Behavioral Research, Defining Death: A Report on the Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues in the Determination of Death (1981, reprinted 1983); Bryan Jennett, John Gleave and Peter Wilson, Brain Death in Three Neurosurgical Units, Br.Med.J., 282:533539 (Feb. 14, 1981); Christopher Pallis, ABC of Brain Stem Death (1983) and his Brain-stem Death: The Evolution of a Concept, in Peter J. Morris (ed.), Kidney Transplantation: Principles and Practice, 2nd ed., pp. 101127 (1984); James L. Bernat, The Definition, Criterion and Statute of Death, Seminars in Neurology, 4(1):4551 (March 1984). Clinical and biological aspects are explored by a physician in Sherwin B. Nuland, How We Die (1994). Philosophical and cultural aspects E.A. Wallis Budge, Egyptian Ideas of the Future Life: Egyptian Religion (1899, reprinted 1979 as Egyptian Religion: Egyptian Ideas of the Future Life); Ange P. Leca, La Mdecine gyptienne au temps des pharaons (1971); Alexandre Piankoff (ed.), Le Cur dans les textes gyptiens depuis l'ancien jusqu' la fin du nouvel empire (1930) and Henry E. Sigerist, A History of Medicine, 2 vol (195161), are useful reviews of the notion of death in ancient Egypt. Mesopotamian concepts are described in J. Hackin et. al., Asiatic Mythology (1932, reissued 1963) and Samuel George Frederick Brandon, Man and His Destiny in the Great Religions (1962, reprinted 1963). The latter and F.H. Garrison, The Bone Called Luz, ' New York Medical Journal, 92(4):149151 (July 23, 1910), also contain much useful information on Judaic attitudes. Hindu perceptions and practices are detailed in Paul Thomas, Hindu Religion, Customs and Manners, 6th ed (1975) and Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Hinduism: A Religion to Live By (1979, reprinted 1980). Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyah, Kitab al-ruh, 2nd ed (1324) and Frank E. Reynolds and Earle H. Waugh, Religious Encounters with Death: Insights from the History and Anthropology of Religions (1977), present Islamic attitudes. More recent developments are discussed in T.S.R. Boase, Death in the Middle Ages: Mortality, Judgment and Remembrance (1972) and Philippe Aris, Western Attitudes Toward Death: From the Middle Ages to the Present, translated from the French (1974, reprinted 1975) and The Hour of Our Death (1981, reissued 1982; originally published in French, 1977). Information about the pineal soul is found in René Descartes, Treatise of Man, translated from the 1664 French edition, by Thomas Steele Hall (1972), originally published in a Latin translation, 1662 and about the spinal cord soul in Edward George Tandy Liddell, The Discovery of Reflexes (1960).
rate 11. death penalty; Execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal offense. Capital punishment for murder, treason, arson and rape was widely employed in ancient Greece and the Romans also used it for a wide range of offenses. It also has been sanctioned at one time or another by most of the world's major religions. In 1794 the United States state of Pennsylvania became the first jurisdiction to restrict the death penalty to first-degree murder and in 1846 Michigan abolished capital punishment for all murders and other common crimes. In 1863 Venezuela became the first country to abolish capital punishment for all crimes. Portugal was the first European country to abolish the death penalty (1867). By the mid-1960s some 25 countries had abolished the death penalty for murder. During the last third of the 20th century, the number of abolitionist countries increased more than threefold. Despite the movement toward abolition, many countries have retained capital punishment and some have extended its scope. In the U.S., three-fourths of the states and the federal government retain the death penalty and death sentences are regularly carried out in China, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Iran. Supporters of the death penalty claim that life imprisonment is not an effective deterrent to criminal behaviour. Opponents maintain that the death penalty has never been an effective deterrent, that errors sometimes lead to the execution of innocent persons and that capital punishment is imposed inequitably, mostly on the poor and on racial minorities.
rate 12. programmed cell death
rate 13. Bataan Death March
rate 14. Black Death
rate 15. death penalty
rate 16. dance of death
rate 17. Death Valley
rate 18. sudden infant death syndrome
rate 19. crib death;
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We have found the following latin words and translations for "death":
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fundament, herbeitragen, gast, klima, lenken, schwanger, bann, seine, masse, herr
Tags: death, decessus, letum, letum, mors, mors mortis, mors, nex
 
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